A various wastewater streams are formed at the “Atyrau Refinery” LLP. Wastewater from "mechanical treatment facilities” (MTF) comes in biological wastewater treatment system. The unit "Biological treatment facilities " (BTF) with capacity 15.48 ths. m3 / day was built and put into operation in 2006. Two main streams, wastewater, arriving from the unit of MTF and domestic sewage runoff are processed at the biological wastewater treatment unit.
Flocculation and flotation;
Filtration and chlorination;
At the first stage of the block of flocculation and flotation (BFF), coagulation- flocculation process, which improves removal of suspended solid particle and colloidal substances, is carried out. Process of flotation is carried out at the final stage of separation of solid and liquid particles in the floatation block. Additional biological sediment is entered for improvement of process of flotation.
For removal of large and heavy particles, which are saved up at the bottom of the container, the unit is equipped with the system of removal of bottom sediment.
Surface sediment at the flotation moves by gravity to general settler, and then it is pumped over in the block of sludge drying. Treated wastewater in the BFF moves by gravity to the block of biological treatment.
Also wastewater from the channel of separate sewerage goes to the block of biological treatment. Biological processes, used at the water purification, are similar to phenomenons, which occur in habitat. At sufficient aeration organic carbon turns into carbon dioxide and biomass. Basic elements are necessary for reproduction of bacteria: С, H, O, N, secondary elements P, K, S, Mg, and also vitamins, hormones, microelements, etc. Content of N and P in wastewater, arriving on the unit of biological treatment, isn't enough.
A carbamide and phosphoric acid is added for maintenance of minimum ratio of BPK:N:P. A suspension of sediment in the aeration tank, containing clearing bacterial flora, is called as "activated sediment ". The water, intended for cleaning, contacts to a bacterial flocculant in the presence of oxygen (aeration process), then process of separation of water from the flocculant (clarification process) is carried out.
Sand filters are used for removal the excess of suspended solid particle from purified water. It is necessary to carry out the process of chlorination of water to reduce the number of coliform bacteria, for this purpose sodium hypochlorite is dosed into water. Resulting sediment is subjected to dehydration by using two centrifuge of the sludge dewatering unit, and polymer T3 is added for improving the separation of solid and liquid particles.
Dried sediment is stored in bunkers and dried sediment is taken out by dump trucks to the ground of waste disposal of the refinery. The part of cleared wastewater of 20-23% comes back to production for reuse and rest comes back on dumping to the pond evaporator of wastewater from the biological treatment construction.